The Hill County Vixen Who Tried to Snag a Vanderbilt-Whitney (1920’s)

Looking on the map, the ghost town of Huron, Texas, which used to be a town here in Hill County, Texas, is just a dot on the map. Huron is on Farm Road 933 fifteen miles northwest of Hillsboro in northwestern Hill County. The site was settled sometime after the Civil War, when Huron Gist arrived and established a general store for area farmers. Soon thereafter, a stone gristmill was added and later a church and a three-room schoolhouse. When residents applied for a post office branch, they submitted the name Huron in honor of Gist. The post office operated at Huron from 1897 to 1904. In 1918 the old Huron schoolhouse burned and was replaced by a more modern building. There are few reliable population statistics available for the community, but apparently its population never exceeded fifty.  Cedar Creek Baptist Church is there as well as a few homes. This is where Evan Burrows Fontaine was born on October 2, 1898.

Fawn aka Evan Burrows Fontaine

With a name like Evan Burrows Fontaine, she had to become famous, or infamous. The Fontaine family didn’t stay long in Huron, and by 1900, they had moved on to Dallas, Texas to live with her Mother’s family, the Evans clan. Her father was a Bookkeeper and her Grandfather sold insurance and they ran a boarding house. Just your average middle class family of the times. According to sources, she was trained in dancing by the famous DeShawn and she and her mother, Florence Fonatine, had moved to New York by the time she was 15 to pursue a career and so they did!

1916 San Francisco Chronicle

By 1915 she was living with her mother in New York City and that at an early age she traveled to California where she became a protégée of dancer Ruth St. Denis. She studied and performed with the touring Denishawn Company of Vaudeville dancers. She then embarked on her own solo Vaudeville tour in 1916, supported by Kenneth Harlan, later to be a film star. Vaudeville led quite naturally to Broadway revues, and she appeared in Ziegfeld’s Nine O’Clock Revue (1919-1920) and Ed Wynn’s Carnival (1920). She next appeared in three silent films, Women Men Love, Madonnas and Men, and A Romantic Adventuress, all released in 1920. Her time in the sun was to be short-lived however thanks to an affair she had with the millionaire Cornelius “Sonny” Vanderbilt Whitney, resulting in divorce from her husband Sterling Lawrence Adair (a young sailor from Houston, Texas whom she met on a train in 1917 and married in 1918; the marriage was annulled in 1920. He committed suicide soon thereafter). Fontaine bore a son in 1920 whom she claimed was Whitney’s, resulting in a breach of promise suit against Whitney which Fontaine lost at considerable cost to herself, financial and otherwise.

1922 Scandal!

She later married a former Olympic swimmer, Harold “Stubby” Kruger in 1928 or 1929 (he toured fairs and carnivals with fellow Olympian Johnny Weismuller; he became a Hollywood bit actor and stuntman). Fontaine had a second son, Bobby, by Kruger. They divorced in 1935. Fontaine married a third time in the late 1930s to Jack Lynch, a restaurateur. They managed a Philadelphia night club she owned called the Walton Roof atop the Walton Hotel. Her first son, Neil “Sonny” Winston Fontaine debuted there as a bandleader in 1939–he remained as the club’s master of ceremonies until it closed in 1946. Jack Lynch managed restaurants and clubs in the Philadelphia area until his death in 1957. Fontane lived out the remainder of her life in the small rural town of Paris in northern Virginia. She died at age 86 in the Winchester Medical Center in Winchester, Virginia.

1923-1925 Lawsuit
Mother killer in auto/train accident in 1928

William Spotswood Fontaine was her Father and apparently moved around a lot in Texas. His father was quite well-known –

From The Columbus Commercial, Columbus, MS. November 04, 1917

Colonel Fontaine Is Dead

Jackson, Miss., Nov 3. – Col. Williamson Fontaine attached to the staffs of Gen. “Stonewall” Jackson and Gen. J. E. B. Stuart, during the war between the states. Died at his home here Friday, age 84. He was with General Jackson at the time of his death at Chancellorsville. While on General Stuart’s staff he was captured and served nine months as a prisoner in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign on Johnson Island. After the war Colonel Fontaine became a member of the faculty at Baylor Female College at Independence, Texas, and afterwards for 10 years occupied the chair of Latin at the University of Texas.

Curious as to the reason they lived in Huron as in 1880, they were in Burleson and William Fontaine was a practicing Lawyer. After that, his employment seemed to continue as an insurance salesman.

Such was her appeal that she was photographed by Alfred Cheney Johnstonthe photographer of young beauties in that era.
The San Francisco Examiner
San Francisco, California
25 Jan 1925, Sun  •  Page 119

The story goes like this – according to Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney. Evan sued Cornelius for breach of promise as well as paternity of the child. She was suing for $1 million dollars, which at the time was a huge sum of money. Evidently, she came into town and asked to see young Whitney. In the room was her Mother, and her Texas Grandfather holding a gun, demanding that he marry Evan (who at the time was still married to the man who would later commit suicide.) They demanded he marry her (this was 1920 and she had not had the child as yet) as it was his child and he had promised! It was shown in court that Evan had asked for an annulment from her first husband and in order to do so, had to prove she wasn’t with him and it had not been a real marriage. Her mother backed her up and an annulment was provided. That’s when she went to confront Whitney.

Whitney’s lawyer provided photographs showing that she was still in touch and together with her annulled husband. Evan and her mother were indicted for perjury and as to the child… the paternity issue was also thrown out. This happened in 1925 and in 1929, it was still ongoing.


I think Evan was one of the people who may have been down, but was never out. In 1928 or 9, she married Harold Stubby Kruger, an Olympic swimming champ and – she was still dancing.

Stubby Kruger

Kruger married dancer and actress Evan-Burrows Fontaine in 1928 or 29. A son Bobby was born to this union before their divorce in 1935. Kruger was a colleague of Johnny Weissmuller’s and performed at carnivals and fairs billed as the Incomparable Water Comedian. He also had a career in Hollywood as an actor and stunt double that began in the silent era and lasted well into the 1950s. His last film credit was as Spencer Tracy’s double in The Old Man and the Sea. In 1986, Kruger was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame as a “pioneer swimmer.

In the late 30’s and 40’s, Miami was a hopping scene. Evan and her son Neil Fontaine, who by this time was a bandleader and a singer, were there. Neil was playing at the Club Bali.

Fun in the 40s!

Sometime in the late 1930s Fontaine became a co-owner of the Walton Roof, a Philadelphia night spot atop the Walton Hotel, along with her husband (or soon-to-be husband), restaurateur Jack Lynch. Her first son, Neil “Sonny” Winston Fontaine whose father was Cornelius “Sonny” Vanderbilt Whitney, debuted there as a band leader in 1939, and later served at times as master of ceremonies before the club’s demise in 1946. Jack Lynch was a long-time owner of clubs and restaurants in the Philadelphia area before his death in 1957. Evan-Burrows Fontaine died on December 27, 1984, aged 86, at the Winchester Medical Center in Winchester, Virginia. She spent her final years as a resident of Paris, a small rural town in northern Virginia.

Hotel Walton – Philadelphia PA
The Walton Roof was a favorite spot under the direction of Jack Lynch and his friend Evan Burroughs Fontaine, and guests there could be entertained by Sophie Tucker, Georgie Jessel, Frank Sinatra and Dean Martin.

This next clipping may get you singing the famous Barry Manilow song…. “at the Copa…..” What a story and what a life. We can only hope Evan had a full and productive life as I am sure Neil did. Neil passed away in February of 2010 at the age of 80. What stories they all must have told!

At the Copa – Neil Fontaine

mount calm · Patents · Uncategorized

Washing Clothes in 1884 (Mount Calm, Texas)

Mount Calm is just down the road from Hubbard, and we consider her a Sister City. The history of Mount Calm intertwines with the history of Hubbard and sharing the history of Mount Calm ties the towns together!

Imagine this… in 1884 three brothers who were living in Mount Calm and at the time decided to patent a detergent that they had invented. The instructions for washing clothes were detailed and contained highly flammable as well as harsh materials.

Jordon Davis, Epaminiondas (named after the Greek General) and David Davis, patented a new and wonderful invention for the women to use (yes it was always the women) in washing clothes. This is what you had to do:

Take 1 Gallon of Pure Water, 1 Pound of Rock Potash (I had no clue what rock potash was – Potash is an impure combination of potassium carbonate and potassium salt. The term potash has been commonly used to describe the fertilizer forms of potassium derived from these rocks by separating the salt and other minerals.) We continue… 1/4 Pound of Borax, 4 Ounces of Kerosene Oil, and 1/2 ounce of Benzine (which is a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum).

Then follow the directions for your wonderful Detergent!

This is where potash is mined:

Ladies, to use this washing compound you must thoroughly wet all your clothing in cold water, and then wring it all out again. Probably in a wringer or mangler like one of these!

Then, as above, to 3 gallons of soap suds, add 1/2 pint of the Davis Brothers detergent and sit there awhile. Then you dump that out and start all over again in boiling water and soap suds and detergent. Let that sit for at least a 1/2 hour or paddle around to get the stains out. Then you need to rinse in cold water, wring out again, and go hang it out on the line to dry.

Many of the other washing compounds of the day contained beef tallow, skim milk, magnesia, turpentine, alcohol and ammonia!

Patten Number 278, 409 – May 29, 1883. This is a copy.

I also found a photo of Epaminiondas Davis!

Epa, was born in Arkansas and passed away in Waco at the age of 66 and his brother Jordon, with his family (did she wash the clothes?)

Jordon Davis passed away in 1928 in Mount Calm, Texas. They had several children who remained in the Mount Calm area.

When you do laundry today with your little Tide Pods and your Downey Liquid, think about the women who had to struggle and use all those corrosive and dangerous materials just to keep their clothes clean!

Source of Patent: Portal to Texas History – https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth170548/m1/1/?q=%22Mount%20Calm%22

hubbard city

Desperados in and Around Hubbard City, Texas

Desperados – The Life of Tom Varnell – and yes, he killed a man here in Hubbard.

The ARLINGTON JOURNAL, Arlington, Texas. Thursday July 30, 1903 –

Tom P. Varnell a somewhat notorious character was shot and killed at Abbott, Hill County, on the 26 of July, 1903, by Oscar Ferguson. Varnell had heretofore killed two men and served one term in the penitentiary. For years he has been one of the Hill county‘s bad men. Son of Isaac (Ike) A Varnell and Francis LaDocia Crawford.In 1880 at age 18 Tom P shot and killed A P Fisher in revenge for his father’s death in 1876. He shot and killed Jonas Hagar Land at age 21 in Hubbard City in 1883 after being caught by Land with his 16 year old daughter. After two years on the run he was captured in New Mexico and several trials later was convicted and spent 9 years in the Texas State Pen. He was released on Jan 19, 1902 and was pardoned at the recommendation of State Senator S C Upshaw, who had been his criminal attorney when he was convicted.

Six months later he killed a Mexican, Frenchy Rauls, in the Oklahoma Territory, and was sentenced to 10 years. The conviction was appealed, bail was set and Tom P returned to Texas.On July 26, 1903 he was shot and killed by Oscar Ferguson in Abbott, Texas, to “protect the honor” of Oscar’s sister. Oscar was tried for murder, but found not guilty. His father Isaac Alexander Varnell was murdered on New Years Day in 1876. His brother Isaac Napoleon Varnell was gunned down in 1867 at the age of 17 by a 16 year old. Death and misery followed Tom during his short life of 41 years.

Thomas Powhattan “Tom P” Varnell

BIRTH 13 Feb 1862 Hill County, Texas, USA

DEATH 26 Jul 1903 (aged 41)Abbott, Hill County, Texas, USA

BURIAL Hillsboro City Cemetery Hillsboro, Hill County, Texas, USA

PLOT Section 11

For the book about his life – https://www.amazon.com/Tom-Ps-Fiddle-True…/dp/0984185739

Jonas Hagar Land is buried here in Hubbard in Fairview Cemetery.


Cotton Time!

Here in Hill County it is cotton time and the bales are lining the roads on the way from Hubbard to Hillsboro today. A lot of hard work for these farmers and you are probably wearing some Texas cotton or sleeping in Texas cotton sheets. Thanks to the Farmers! Texas is already the best in the nation at growing cotton, producing roughly one-third of the U.S. cotton crop.